Winter Hiking Tips for the White Mountains

When it comes to hiking in the White Mountains anytime between September and May, think WINTER.

Pack and prepare for ice, snow, winter storms, below freezing temperatures, high winds, and other potentially hazardous conditions. The conditions you see at the trailhead are not indicative of what you will encounter as you ascend in elevation, and fatalities are not uncommon in the White Mountains due to a lack of preparedness.

Always check the Mount Washington Observatory's Higher Summits Forecast before setting out on a hike, and check it often - the weather changes very quickly in the mountains.

Please scroll for additional information on what to know and what to expect, including suggested resources and packing essentials.  

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page serves as general recommendations for visitors to the White Mountains region. The White Mountains Attractions Association and its employees are not experts or professionals in the outdoor recreation field, and are not liable for any accident, injury, or fatality resulting from outdoor recreation.

Did You Know?Winter in the White Mountains is beautiful. Fewer crowds and snow-covered trails can make for an enjoyable traverse on bluebird days. Tempting as it sounds though, remember: winter can be deadly for casual and regular hikers alike.

Unless you have significant experience in the outdoors in the wintertime or have booked with a professional guide service, do not attempt to hike our higher peaks during this season. Every year, visitors have died or faced serious, life-altering injury due to the complex nature of hiking in the winter, a lack of expertise and planning, and the harrowing, deadly weather regularly found above and below tree line. If you do choose to hike, do so with a partner.

We love the White Mountains, but we also respect them. You would be wise to do the same during your travels.


No matter the terrain, traction is a must during wintry weather! Wear microspikes for your lower elevation excursions (including walking around town). Snowshoes are a minimum for hiking in the mountains, and crampons and an ice ax are nonnegotiable above treeline.


  • Pack as if your life depends on it. Always bring the 10 Essentials plus the below winter items based on your hiking plans and chosen route.

    • Navigation
    • Headlamp
    • Sun Protection
    • First Aid Kit
    • Knife/Multi Tool
    • Fire Starter
    • Shelter
    • Food
    • Water
    • Rain gear/warm layers
    • Proper footwear


    • Extra warm clothing (insulated parka, extra mittens)
    • Balaclava or face mask
    • Insulated boots
    • Overmitts
    • Snowshoes


    • Crampons
    • Face mask
    • Ice axe
    • Goggles


    • Avalanche transceiver
    • Avalanche probe
    • Snow shovel
    • The proper skills and knowledge to know how to use said equipment (including attending an Avalanche Safety Course)
  • Outdoor outfitters can advise on the best hiking gear (including the 10 Essentials) based on your budget, experience, and desired adventure. Here are some local White Mountains hiking shops to get you started!

    Local maps and guidebooks for the White Mountains are also a great addition to your pack. You can find these resources plus more at the Mountain Wanderer Map & Book Store (Lincoln, NH) and the Little Village Toy and Book Shop (Littleton, NH), as well as some area gas stations in Lincoln and beyond.

  • Build a strong foundation for future adventures and book a hike with a guide service.

    The International Mountain Climbing School (North Conway, NH) is a fantastic option specializing rock and ice climbing, backcountry skiing, mountaineering, and avalanche education, with programs for all ages and abilities. They also offer a wide variety of rentals to better equip your for your adventures.

    The Appalachian Mountain Club has two educational outposts in the White Mountains, including the AMC Highland Center in Crawford Notch and the Joe Dodge Lodge in Pinkham Notch. Both options offer programming designed to get you trained for the trail.

    The Mount Washington Valley Chamber of Commerce also has a helpful list of “Guided Winter Adventures” for the Eastern White Mountains.

    Last but not least, offers guided hikes in the White Mountains on select dates. To register, search under “Appalachian Trail” on the REI Adventures page.


NH Hike Safe graphic


Hiking in the White Mountains of New Hampshire is the experience of a lifetime. The views from the summits are spectacular, and the rocky, rooty, winding paths that lead you there are marvels all their own. In fact, there are hundreds of miles of hiking trails, 48 immense peaks over 4,000’ feet in elevation, and scenery stretching into our neighboring New England states and even the Atlantic Ocean!

Between all this and limitless, beautiful photos of adventurers out and about in the wilds, it’s no wonder that our mountains are one of the top reasons visitors fall in love with our region and return time and again.

If hiking the White Mountains is a must during your travels, remember to explore sensibly. While most of our hikers walk away with fond memories and a few sore muscles, many others have also faced serious injury or death due to a lack of preparedness.

Our mountains and the amazing memories they can offer are very real, as are the potential consequences if you fail to respect them. Remember: being on vacation isn’t an excuse to forget common sense.

Here are our top White Mountains hiking tips to keep you happy and careful on the trail.


Disclaimer: The information provided on this page serves as general recommendations for visitors to the White Mountains region. The White Mountains Attractions Association and its employees are not experts or professionals in the outdoor recreation field, and are not liable for any accident, injury, or fatality resulting from outdoor recreation.


  • Beginner hikers and advanced adventurers alike can benefit from reviewing and sharing this list. Remember the Rule of Threes Graphic (Hiking Page)

    • Always file your hiking plan with a friend or family member, including your chosen route and return time. Don’t change your route or extend your trip partway through your travels. Set a firm time for when your point of contact should alert authorities if you have not checked in with them.
    • Study your route ahead of time: know your mileages, trail difficulty and junctions, trailhead location, and more.
    • ​Check the forecast OFTEN. The weather in the White Mountains is always changing, and the conditions you see at the trailhead are not what you will encounter as you ascend in elevation. Snowstorms and other harsh weather conditions are a regular occurrence in the mountains, even during the summer months. 

    If you do have cell service, text the Mount Washington Observatory at 603-356-2137 with the words “weather forecast” to receive the latest high elevation forecast.

    • ​Don’t depend on your cell phone. Many trailheads and peaks in the White Mountains have little to no cell service.
    • ​Always pack the 10 Hiking Essentials, even for shorter excursions.
    • Plan your hike according to the least experienced hikers in your group. If numbers allow, have your strongest hikers serve as leaders and trail sweeps. Place beginners in between. This ensures that no one gets left behind!
    • Keep in mind this quote from mountain climbing legend Ed Viesturs: “Getting to the top is optional. Getting down is mandatory.” Don’t let summit fever cloud your judgement – the mountains will always be there. Turn back when in doubt.
    • Respect the resource. Our mountain summits are filled with beautiful, fragile ecosystems. The lichen and other flora found there can take hundreds of years to grow. Stay on trail and take only pictures during your travels! In other words, LEAVE NO TRACE.
    • To-die for photos are not worth dying over. Evaluate your surroundings before taking out your camera/phone, and never move past barriers, ignore signage, or otherwise put yourself in a dangerous position to get “the shot”.
    • Hike with humility and empathy. All hikers are subject to injury or worse when out on the trail. Tread carefully and respectfully, and remember that your potential rescuers are put in just as much danger (if not more!) if/when they come to your aid.
    • Even in this modern era, rescue isn’t always an option. Don’t rely on a safety net that might not be there due to communication failures, dangerous weather, or worse.
    • Have fun and applaud yourself along the way! Even hiking a mile into the woods or up a mountain is a major accomplishment.

    Download Important Hiking Tips for Beginners


    Pack Like a Pro Graphic (Hiking Page)


    A paper map and compass are required equipment. Helpful add-ons include a GPS device, personal locator beacon (PLB), satellite messenger, or altimeter. Do not rely on your cell phone and apps to guide your way; cell service in the White Mountains can be spotty, and oftentimes nonexistent when out on the trail. Make sure you understand the basics of map reading, as well as how to operate your chosen navigation or emergency signaling device, before setting out on the trail. 


    No matter the time of day, bring a light source whenever you adventure. You never know when a short hike might turn into an all-day affair due to unforeseen circumstances. Remember to pack extra batteries as well.


    Even in the snowy White Mountains, sun protection is a must year-round. Items to consider include sunglasses, sunscreen, and sun protective clothing.


    From items for foot care (like moleskin and blister pads) to wrap bandages for sprained ankles and insect repellent in the summer, it’s a great idea to keep a small first aid kit tucked in your backpack.  


    A simple, sturdy knife can come in handy in many emergency scenarios, and also makes a great tool for sharing trail snacks.


     Packing a compact backpacking stove can turn a long uphill slog into something to look forward to. Anyone for hot chocolate at the top? In case of emergency, packing matches and tinder, as well as a candle (which provides a great, consistent flame) also just might save your life. Rescuers can spot smoke from a signal fire much easier than a solo strander hiker.

    If you choose to use either option, do so responsibly. Visit the White Mountain National Forest website for backcountry fire regulations during non-emergency situations.

    7. SHELTER

    A quick emergency shelter is a must, and even more so in the winter. A bivy sack is a lightweight, packable option to keep you relatively sheltered from the elements.

    8. FOOD

    Pack extra snacks, always. Pick calorie dense options to help keep your energy up.

    9. WATER

    Hiking in the White Mountains entails a fair amount of exertion, even for very fit hikers. Bring more water than you think you need, and a simple water purification option such as iodine tablets, a water filter, or sterilizing pen. Don’t depend on water sources found along the trail though; just like all things in nature, they can be unpredictable!


    “Cute” isn’t a priority when you’re hiking. Forget clothes that will look nice in pictures, and instead focus on warm, waterproof, windproof layers that will keep you safe during any excursion. The best outfits are ones you can adapt, including base wicking layers to keep you dry, cozy toppers like a lightweight down jacket or fleece, and weather repellent shells. Long underwear bottoms, weather-blocking pants, a hat, mittens/gloves, and extra socks are a must as well.

    You can remove or add items as needed, but always save room in your pack for all options (and keep them in easy-to-reach spots to adapt your ‘fit throughout your hike). The mantra to remember is “dress like an onion”. Peel off layers when you are feeling warm and add layers when feeling cold.

    Last but not least….steer clear of cotton. This fabric gets wet and stays wet for long periods of time, which can bring down your core temperature.

    Bonus! We’re adding one more to the list…


    Street sneakers, sandals, and other stylish shoes have no place on the trail. During an average hike in the White Mountains, you will encounter sharp rocks, slick roots, muddy spots, and many other conditions. Be smart and stick with a pair of hiking boots to keep your feet dry and safe.

    Visit the “Winter Hiking” section of this page for additional winter recommendations.

    This 10 Essentials list is an aggregate based on the information found on several prominent outdoors sites, including:

    Download the 10 Essentials for Hiking 

Other Winter Adventures